Biophysical Properties of Gold
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Benefits of Gold:
Gold is reported to be associated with the following benefits
General feeling of well-being and raised energy levels
Enhancement of the body's natural defenses against illness
Increased vitality and longevity
Improved glandular function
Repair of damaged DNA
Reduced joint inflammation
Relief of pain
Antidepressant effects especially in drug and alcohol addiction
Some symptoms of a gold deficiency:
Arthritis, Brain Dysfunction, Cancer, Chills, Circulatory Disorders, Depression, Digestive Disorders, Drug / Alcohol Addiction, Gland Dysfunction, Hot Flashes, Insomnia, Joint Inflammation, Night Sweats, Obesity, and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).
What are the benefits of Mono-Atomic Colloidal Gold?
While Colloidal Gold does not have the same germicidal/anti-bacterial action of Colloidal Silver, Colloidal gold is known for its powers as an anti-inflammatory and is reputed to be a powerful glandular rejuvenant with life extension, raised brain function and I.Q. (Frontier Perspectives, Vol 7, No 2, Fall 1998) and Pineal enhancing possibilities. It has been known to be effective for easing the pains and swellings of arthritis, rheumatism, bursitis, and tendonitis. In former times it was used as an aphrodisiac and to quell the cravings for alcohol, and has been used as a remedy for digestive disorders, circulatory problems, depression, obesity, and burns. Gold is a catalyst for endorphin-like hormones as well as the antioxidant enzyme SuperOxideDesmutase (SOD). Colloidal Gold is tasteless and non-toxic
Some traditional uses include treatments for arthritis, skin ulcers, burns, impotence and certain nerve-end operations. Gold can have a balancing and harmonizing effect on the body particularly with regard to unstable mental and emotional states, such as depression, S.A.D. (Seasonal Affective Disorder), melancholy, sorrow, fear, despair, anguish, frustration, suicidal tendencies; the maladies commonly referred to as the "sicknesses of the heart". Gold has been known down through the ages to have a direct effect on the activities of the heart, helping to improve blood circulation. It is known to be beneficial for rejuvenating sluggish organs, especially the digestive system (constipation) and brain.
Gold has been used in cases of glandular and nervous in-coordination, helping to rejuvenate the glands, stimulate the nerves and release nervous pressure. The body's warmth mechanism may be positively affected by gold, particularly in cases of chills, heat flashes, night sweats and menopausal symptoms. A daily combination of silver and gold mono-atomic water appears to support our bodies natural defense system against disease and help promote renewed vitality and longevity.
Doctors Nilo Cairo and A. Brinckmann wrote a best selling work entitled "Materia Medica", (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 19th Edition, 1965), in which Colloidal Gold was listed as the number one remedy against obesity. In July 1935, the medical periodical "Clinical, Medicine & Surgery" had an article entitled "Colloidal Gold in Inoperable Cancer" written by Edward H. Ochsner, M.D., Chicago-Consulting Surgeon, Augustana Hospital. He stated, "When the condition is hopeless, Colloidal Gold helps prolong life and makes life much more bearable, both to the patient and to those about them, because it shortens the period of terminal cachexia (general physical wasting and malnutrition usually associated with chronic disease) and greatly reduces pain and discomfort and the need of opiates (narcotics) in a majority of instances."
"Mystery Solved: Gold's Power Against Autoimmune Diseases Defined" from http://www.bio.com/newsfeatures/newsfeatures_research.jhtml?cid=17500004
02/27/06 -- Gold compounds have been used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases for more than 75 years, but until now, how the metals work has been a mystery. Harvard Medical School researchers report in the Feb. 27 issue of Nature Chemical Biology that special forms of gold, platinum, and other classes of medicinal metals work by stripping bacteria and virus particles from the grasp of a key immune system protein.
"We were searching for a new drug to treat autoimmune diseases," says Brian DeDecker, PhD, HMS post-doctoral student in the Department of Cell Biology and a study co-author. At the time of this work, DeDecker was in the Harvard Medical School Institute of Chemistry and Cell Biology, which uses powerful chemical tools to illuminate complex biological processes and provide new leads for drug development. "But instead we discovered a biochemical mechanism that may help explain how an old drug works."
DeDecker and co-author Stephen De Wall, PhD, undertook a large-scale search for new drugs that would suppress the function of an important component of the immune system, MHC class II proteins, which are associated with autoimmune diseases. MHC class II proteins normally hold pieces of invading bacteria and virus on the surface of specialized antigen presentation cells. Presentation of these pieces alerts other specialized recognition cells of the immune system called lymphocytes, which starts the normal immune response. Usually this response is limited to harmful bacteria and viruses, but sometimes this process goes awry and the immune system turns towards the body itself causing autoimmune diseases such as Juvenile diabetes, Lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis.
During their search through thousands of compounds they found that the known cancer drug, Cisplatin, a drug containing the metal platinum, directly stripped foreign molecules from the MHC class II protein. From there, they found that platinum was just one member of a class of metals, including a special form of gold, that all render MHC class II proteins inactive.
In subsequent experiments in cell culture, gold compounds were shown to render the immune system antigen presenting cells inactive, further strengthening this connection. These findings now give researches a mechanism of gold drug action that can be tested and explored directly in diseased tissues.
In 1890, a German doctor named Robert Koch found that gold effectively killed the bacteria that caused tuberculosis. In the 1930s, based on a widely held but probably erroneous connection at the time between tuberculosis and rheumatoid arthritis, a French doctor, Jacques Forestier, developed the use of gold drugs for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Gold drugs have been used since then as an effective treatment for this and other autoimmune diseases such as Lupus, but treatment can take months for action and sometimes presents severe side effects which have diminished their use in recent years.
With this new understanding of how these metals function, it may now be possible to develop a new generation of gold-based drugs for treating rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases that are more effective with fewer side effects.
Source: Harvard Medical School
Effect of Colloidal Metallic Gold
on Cognitive Functions: A Pilot Study
From "Journal of Frontier Sciences"
Guy E. Abraham, MD; Souhaila A. McReynolds; Joel S. Dill, PhD
Optimox Corporation, Torrance, California
In order to evaluate the effect of colloidal metallic gold on cognitive functions, the revised Wechsler Intelligence scales battery of tests (WAIS-R) was administered to 5 subjects aged 15 to 45 years, before, after 4 weeks on colloidal gold at 30 mg/day and again 1 to 3 months off the gold preparation. The WAIS-R total scores (I.Q) were calculated by adding the sum of the verbal test scores to the sum of the performance scores. After 4 weeks on colloidal gold, there was a 20% increase in I.Q scores with mean + SE of 112.8 + 2.3 pre gold and 137 + 3.8, post gold (p <0.005). Both the performance and verbal test scores contributed equally to this increase in I.Q scores. The effect of the colloidal gold persisted in 3 subjects after 1 to 2 month off gold, where as in 2 subjects who took the tests 3 months after stopping the gold , I.Q scores were down to baseline levels.
It is generally accepted that intelligence or cognitive functioning is the sum of many mental capacities. For this reason, tests that were developed to measure intelligence quotient (I.Q) comprised a series of subtests evaluating the several dimensions of intelligence. Of the several I.Q tests available, educators have found that the Full Scale I.Q score of the Wechsler intelligence scales (WIS) battery, which is calculated from the sum of the individual scores of 11 tests, (6 verbal and 5 performance tests) is an excellent predictor of academic achievement.1 The revised version of this I.Q test (WAIS-R) has been used extensively to assess the effect of deficiencies and supplementation of specific nutrients2,3 and the effects of sex, race, age and education4-7 on mental performance.
Gold is a precious metal which belongs to the transition group I in the periodic table and exists in nature in two basic forms: metallic gold and gold salts. Metallic gold is non-toxic, used extensively in dentistry and is widely available in colloidal form as a nutritional supplement for human consumption. One of us (GEA) has observed a significant subjective improvement of mental performance in 21 adult subjects after ingestion of a preparation of colloidal metallic gold (Aurasol®) for 3 to 9 months at a daily dosage of 15 mg of gold (unpublished). In order to use an objective and more standardized approach in evaluating the effect of colloidal gold on mental performance, the WAIS-R battery of tests7 was performed on 5 subjects (4 females, 1 male) age 15-45 years, before, during and after the ingestion of the same colloidal gold preparation at 30 mg/ day. The results suggest that colloidal gold at 30 mg/day improved significantly the I.Q scores after only one month of administration.
Materials and Methods:
Aqueous dispersion of colloidal metallic gold was prepared by a modification of the citrate reduction method of Frens. The concentration of gold in this preparation (Aurasol® ) was 30 mg per ounce of fluid.
Five subjects were recruited for this study ( 4 females and 1 male) with ages ranging from 15 to 45 years. The subjects were evaluated using the WAIS-R procedure.7 Verbal scores, performance scores and total scores (I.Q) for each subject were calculated. The WAIS-R battery was performed on each subject before gold administration, after ingesting 30 mg of colloidal gold daily for one month, and again after being off the gold preparation for 1 to 3 months. The statistical significance of the data was assessed by Student's paired t test.9
The group of tests called verbal are non-learning and therefore is not influenced significantly by repetition. The performance tests can be learned with repetition and this should be taken into consideration when evaluating the results displayed in Table I. The mean scores + standard error (SE) were respectively for pre- and post-gold administration: verbal 61.4 + 2.4 and 75.4 + 4.5 (p<0.005); performance 51.4 + 0.83 and 61.6 + 1.9 (p<0.01); total scores (IQ) 112.8 + 2.3 and 137 + 3.8 (p<0.005). Since both the verbal (non-learning and performance (learning) scores contributed equally to the increased values observed in the total IQ scores following colloidal gold, the positive effect of colloidal gold cannot be attributed solely to learning the correct responses on the second test due to repetition.
It is of interest to note that in two subjects (#1 and #2) who repeated the battery 3 months after stopping colloidal gold, the total IQ scores were close to baseline pre-gold levels whereas, in 2 subjects who performed the test 1 month after stopping the gold, (#3 and #5) and in one subject (#4) who did so after 2 months off colloidal gold, the total IQ scores were still elevated above baseline, suggesting that the effect of the gold on mental performance has a carry-over of one to two months after stopping the use of this preparation.
The WIS battery of tests is an excellent predictor of scholastic performance.1 In fact, according to Lezak,10 the average scores on a WIS battery provide just about as much information as do average scores on a school report card. We have observed a significant increase (20%) of the mean IQ scores in 5 subjects aged 15 to 45 years after only one month on oral colloidal metallic gold at 30 mg/day. This effect persisted for up to 2 months following discontinuation of the gold preparation. To our knowledge, this is the first study evaluating the effect of colloidal gold on mental performance. Possible mechanisms of action of the colloidal gold preparation are only speculative at this time. However, the potential applications of a non-toxic colloidal metal with marked and rapid positive effect on mental performance are without question of great practical value, not only in scholastic performance but also in the workplace.
The encouraging results of this pilot study warrant further evaluation of colloidal metallic gold in a larger number of subjects of different age groups. Testing various amounts of gold would assist in quantifying the response of the IQ tests in term of cumulative amount of gold ingested in order to investigate a possible dose-response relationship. Using the smallest amount of colloidal gold that results in a desirable effect on mental performance and scholastic achievement would keep the cost of such a program as low as possible.
- Lezak, M.D., In: Neuropsychological Assessment. New York, Oxford University Press; 1995:690-691.
- Goodwin, J.S., Goodwin, J.M., Garry, P.J. Association between nutritional status and cognitive functioning in a healthy elderly population. J Amer. Med. Assoc., 1983; 249:2917- 2921.
- Southon, S., Wright, A.J., Finglas, P.M., Bailey, A.L., et. al. Dietary intake and micronutrient status of adolescents: effect of vitamin and trace element supplementation on indices of status and performance in tests of verbal and non-verbal intelligence. Br. J. Nutr., 1994; 71:897-918.
- Kaufman, A.S., McLean, J.E., Reynolds, C.R. Sex, race, residence, region, and education differences on the 11 WAIS-R subtests. J. Clin. Psychology, 1988; 44:231-248.
- Kaufman, A.S., McLean, J., Reynolds, C. Analysis of WAIS-R factor patterns sex and race. J. Clin. Psychology, 1991; 47:548-557.
- Kaufman, A.S., Reynolds, C.R., McLean, J.E. Age and WAIS-R intelligence in a national sample of adults in the 20 to 74 year age range: A cross-sectional analysis with educational level controlled. Intelligence, 1989; 13:235-253.
- Kaufman, A.S. Assessing adolescent and adult intelligence. Boston, Allyn and Bacon Inc.; 1990.
- Abraham, G.E., Himmel, P.B. Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rationale for the Use of Colloidal Metallic Gold. In Press, J. Nutr. Med., 1997.
- Huntsberger, D.V., Leaverton, P.E., In: Statistical Inference in the Biomedical Sciences. Boston, Allyn and Bacon Inc.; 1970:135.
Colloidal Gold in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) by Peter B. Himmel, Jorge D. Flechas, Guy E. Abraham
Gold salts (aurothiolates) once the primary therapy for active RA has in recent years declined in its use because of apparent lack of long term efficacy, toxic side effects, and delayed onset of action. One of us (GEA) postulated that the active ingredient in aurothiolates is colloidal gold generated by in vivo disproportionation with subsequent clustering of monoatomic gold, and that the side effects were due to the aurothiolates themselves and the trivalent cationic gold generated from the disproportionation. If this postulate is valid one would expect colloidal gold [which is not gold salts] to have therapeutic effects in RA and devoid of side effects.
10 patients (6 female, 4 male; average age 50 +/- 3.16 (SE) with long standing erosive RA ( 9 of 10 seropositive) were given an oral dose of 30 to 60 mg a day of colloidal gold (Aurasol-tm) for a period of 1 month. Clinical exams were performed weekly and laboratory studies done on weeks 1, 2, 4. Gold toxicity was evaluated by questioning the patient as to pruritus, rashes, oral ulcers, metallic taste, GI disturbance. The blood was checked for a drop in WBC, Hb, platelet count, BUN, creatinine or eosinophil elevation; and urine for proteinuria. Efficacy was evaluated by an 86 Joint Count Index scoring for joint tenderness and swelling: AM stiffness; the Modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (MHAQII) by T. Pincus and an ESR.
Catalytic activity of Au nanoparticles "Au is usually viewed as an inert metal, but surprisingly it has been found that Au nanoparticles less than 3–5 nm in diameter are catalytically active for several chemical reactions" at Nanotoday Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2007, Pages 14-18
Display High Quality version of this image (89K)
Fig. 2. Reported catalytic activities (in mmol/gAus, left axis) for CO oxidation at 273 K as a function of Au particle size (d, in nanometers) for different support materials
Using gold nanoparticles for catalysis" at Nanotoday Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2007, Pages 40-43
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